Work at the Department
The invention of the heart-lung machine, which is also called the extracorporeal circulation machine, made it possible to perform operations on a stopped heart completely safely. One of the basic goals during a cardiac surgery procedure is to provide precise surgical work on a steady and bloodless heart, which is achieved by using extracorporeal circulation. The heart- lung machine is operated by perfusion technicians, who, in cooperation with anesthesiologists and cardiac surgeons, maintain the body’s vital functions. In addition to this basic role, during the cardiac surgery procedure perfusers also implement intraoperative heart and brain protection techniques, hemodiafiltration and immunoadsorption techniques, as well as conservation techniques, i.e. blood salvage in individual cases. Almost all advancements in cardiac surgery require new perfusion techniques. Teamwork with cardiac surgeons and anesthesiologists helped face the challenges of mechanical circulatory support, both short- term and the most complex long-term ones, including various pumps used as long-term forms of mechanical circulatory support.